How take protective measures against Covid-19
Updated: Apr 3, 2020
By now everyone on the planet will have heard about Covid-19 but some of us will not be aware of how dangerous it can be to some within our communities.
If we look at the horrific impact it has had in Italy we can surely do our part to make sure it doesn't spread where we live.You can do this by following the simple advice below which has been taken from the WHO and John Hopkins University.
Stay aware of the latest information available on COVID-19 provided by the WHO and your national and local public health authority.
The WHO have stated that most of the people who have become infected by Covid-19 have experienced mild illness and have recovered. However, for some people the virus can be more severe. Take care of your own health and protect the health of others by doing the following:
1. Wash your hands frequently
Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash them properly with soap and water or/and both. Watch the hand washing video example below:
Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand sanitizer kills viruses on your hands including Covid-19.
2. Maintain social distancing
Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. This is the advice given by the WHO, most countries are now advising social distancing and self-isolation in your own homes to minimise the risks of spreading the virus.
When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or/and mouth which may contain the virus. When you are too close to another person, you can potentially breathe in the droplets which contain the COVID-19 virus.
Other forms of social distancing that allow you to avoid larger crowds or crowded spaces are:
Working from home instead of at the office
Closing schools or switching to online classes
Visiting loved ones by electronic devices instead of in person
Cancelling or postponing conferences and large meetings.
3. Self-quarantine/ Self-isolation?
People who have been exposed to the coronavirus and/or are at risk of contracting COVID-19 should self-quarantine/ Self-isolation.
Health experts recommend that self-quarantine lasts at least 14 days. Two weeks provides enough time for you to find out whether or not you become ill and contagious to other people.
You will be asked to practice self-quarantine if you have recently been traveling to an infected area.
Self-quarantine/Self -isloation / social distancing also involves:
Using standard hygiene and washing hands frequently within your home as the virus can survive on different surfaces for different periods of time.
Not sharing things like towels and utensils
Staying at home
Not having visitors
Staying at least 6 feet away from other people in your household and the postman
Once your quarantine period has ended, if you do not have symptoms, follow your doctor’s instructions on how to return to your normal practices.
4. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
Our hands are constantly touch many surfaces which may contain viruses which can be transmitted to us through contact. Once contaminated, our hands can transfer the virus to our eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter our body and can make us sick and for some may lead to death.
5. Practice respiratory hygiene
We should make sure we follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering our mouth and nose with a tissue when we cough or sneeze. Then make sure you dispose of the used tissue immediately. Again, droplets in air or on surfaces spread viruses and by following good respiratory hygiene we can protect the people around us from viruses in general and also COVID-19.
6. If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early
You must stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call 111 (UK & IOM) in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority if you are resident in any other country.
National and local authorities have the most up to date information on the situation in our area. By calling in advance we will allow our health care provider to quickly direct us to the right health facility. This will also protect us personally and help prevent the spread of viruses and infections in general.
7. Stay informed and follow advice given by your healthcare provider
We need to stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19 in our area. If we follow the advice given by our healthcare provider, our national and local public health
authority or our employers we should be in a position to protect ourselves and others from COVID-19. Employers should be acting responsible if you have an employer who is not abiding by the law of the land with respect to Covid-19 contact your local authority.
If you have visited infected areas within the last 14 days where COVID-19 is spreading
Follow the guidance outlined above. Practice social distancing and/or self-isolate - stay at home if you begin to feel unwell and avoid contact with others. If you develop a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice Call 111 in advance and tell your health provider of any recent travel or contact with travellers or infected people.
Be socially responsible help to lessen the Coronavirus impact
It’s important to know what to do if you feel sick. The COVID-19 pandemic is making everyone aware of how important hand-washing is in the fight to protect ourselves and others from coughs and sneezes..
This pandemic can seem overwhelming, but in truth, everyone of us can help slow down the spread of COVID-19 by doing our part. We can make a big difference to our own health, and that of others around us by following the instructions given to us by the experts e.g. doctors, nurses, polititions etc.